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List of Festivals in India State-Wise

Celebrating India’s Vibrant Tapestry: Festivals State-wise

India, a land of diverse cultures, languages, and traditions, is also a land of festivals. From the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to the pristine beaches of the south, every region of India celebrates a plethora of festivals with unmatched zeal and enthusiasm. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll take you on a colorful journey through the festivals of India, state-wise, showcasing the rich tapestry of this incredible nation. Explore a list of festivals in India, categorized by state, to experience the rich cultural diversity and vibrant celebrations across the country.

North India

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh, often referred to as the heartland of India, is a land steeped in history and culture. The state boasts a vibrant calendar of festivals that reflect its rich heritage.

Holi: The festival of colors, Holi, is celebrated with unmatched enthusiasm in Mathura and Vrindavan, the birthplace of Lord Krishna. The festivities here are legendary, with locals and tourists alike joining in the revelry. Streets are awash with vibrant colors, and the air is filled with laughter and music.

Diwali. Referce

Diwali: Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Rama, illuminates countless diyas and grand celebrations during Diwali. The entire city is adorned with lights, and the main attraction is the lighting of thousands of lamps on the banks of the Sarayu River, creating a mesmerizing spectacle.

Janmashtami: Mathura, another sacred city in Uttar Pradesh and the birthplace of Lord Krishna, hosts grand processions and temple festivities during Janmashtami. The streets come alive with vibrant processions, and devotees throng the temples to seek the blessings of Lord Krishna.

Punjab

Punjab, known for its fertile lands and warm-hearted people, celebrates a unique set of festivals that are deeply connected to its agrarian roots.

Lohri: The festival of bonfires, Lohri, marks the harvest season in Punjab. It is celebrated with song and dance around a bonfire, with traditional sweets like rewari and gajak being distributed. The warmth of the bonfire and the joyous atmosphere make Lohri a much-loved festival.

Baisakhi: Another important festival in Punjab is Baisakhi, which is a harvest festival celebrated with great fervor, especially in Amritsar. People visit gurdwaras, including the iconic Golden Temple, to seek blessings and participate in langar (community meal).

Jammu and Kashmir

The northernmost state of India, Jammu and Kashmir, is known for its breathtaking natural beauty and diverse culture. It celebrates festivals with great enthusiasm.

Eid-ul-Fitr. Referce

Eid-ul-Fitr: The holy festival of Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated with prayers and feasting after the month of Ramadan. In Srinagar, the grandeur of the festival is enhanced by the picturesque backdrop of the Dal Lake and the Himalayas.

Navratri: Navratri is celebrated with great pomp and show in Jammu and Kashmir. The festival is dedicated to Goddess Durga and involves grand processions, traditional dances, and religious rituals. It is a time when the entire region comes alive with color and devotion.

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Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh, with its snow-covered peaks and serene landscapes, celebrates a variety of festivals that reflect the spirituality of the region.

Shivratri: The snow-covered hills of Himachal Pradesh come alive during Shivratri when devotees flock to temples to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva. The temples in places like Mandi and Baijnath witness a huge influx of pilgrims.

Dussehra: The Kullu Dussehra in Himachal Pradesh is famous for its week-long festivities and colorful processions. The main attraction is the Rath Yatra, where deities from various temples are carried in elaborately decorated chariots.

North India Festivals State-Wise - Referce

Rajasthan

Rajasthan, the land of deserts and palaces, celebrates its festivals with grandeur and traditional splendor.

Diwali: The ‘Festival of Lights’ is celebrated with traditional fervor in Rajasthan. Jaipur, the Pink City, is a sight to behold during Diwali, with its palaces and forts illuminated with thousands of lamps.

Gangaur: Gangaur is a traditional festival dedicated to Goddess Parvati, celebrated with great devotion in Rajasthan. Women dress in their finest traditional attire, and the streets come alive with processions and traditional songs.

West India

Maharashtra

Maharashtra, a state known for its bustling cities and serene hill stations, has a rich tapestry of festivals.

Ganesh Chaturthi: Mumbai’s grand celebrations of Ganesh Chaturthi are world-famous. The festival involves the installation of elaborately crafted idols of Lord Ganesha in homes and public pandals. The immersion procession, known as Visarjan, is a spectacular sight.

Diwali: Laxmi Pujan in the historic temples of Pune is a sight to behold. Devotees throng the temples to seek the blessings of Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, and the atmosphere is one of spiritual bliss.

Gujarat

Gujarat, the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi, is a vibrant state that celebrates its festivals with great fervor.

Navaratri: The state dances to the tunes of Garba during Navaratri. The nine-night festival is dedicated to Goddess Durga and involves energetic and colorful dance performances.

Uttarayan (Kite Festival): The skies of Gujarat come alive with colorful kites during Makar Sankranti, known as Uttarayan in the state. People of all ages participate in kite-flying competitions, and the sight of colorful kites filling the sky is a visual treat.

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Goa

Goa, known for its beautiful beaches and vibrant nightlife, also celebrates some unique festivals.

Carnival: A Portuguese legacy, Goa’s carnival is famous for its vibrant parades, music, and dance. The streets are filled with revelers in colorful costumes, creating a lively and festive atmosphere.

Rajasthan

Rajasthan, with its regal heritage, has some unique festivals that showcase its cultural richness.

Pushkar Camel Fair: Besides the camel fair, the Pushkar Camel Fair is a spiritual journey with devotees taking a holy dip in the sacred Pushkar Lake. The fair also features cattle trading, folk performances, and camel races.

East India

West Bengal

West Bengal, known for its intellectual and artistic heritage, celebrates some of the grandest festivals in India.

Durga Puja: Kolkata’s grand celebrations and artistic pandals attract visitors from across the world. The city comes alive with elaborate decorations, cultural performances, and processions during this time.

Kali Puja: Kali Puja, dedicated to Goddess Kali, is celebrated with devotion, especially in Kolkata and surrounding areas. The night comes alive with the lighting of diyas and firecrackers.

Odisha

Odisha, with its beautiful temples and cultural traditions, celebrates a range of festivals that reflect its unique identity.

Ratha Yatra: Puri’s world-famous chariot festival draws millions of devotees from across the globe. The deities are placed in grand chariots and pulled through the streets of Puri amidst chanting and festivities.

Durga Puja: Odisha has its unique way of celebrating Durga Puja, with the idol of the goddess placed in a wooden boat, symbolizing her journey to her maternal home. The festival is also marked by the observance of ‘Kumar Purnima,’ celebrating the bond between siblings.

South India Festivals State-Wise - Referce.com

Bihar

Bihar, with its ancient history and rich cultural traditions, celebrates some distinctive festivals.

Chhath Puja: Devotees in Bihar pay obeisance to the sun god during Chhath Puja. The rituals, performed at the ghats of the Ganges, are a mesmerizing sight. Devotees fast and offer prayers to the rising and setting sun.

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South India

Kerala

Kerala, often referred to as ‘God’s Own Country,’ is known for its natural beauty and rich cultural heritage.

Onam: The harvest festival of Kerala, Onam, is marked by the grand ‘Onam Sadhya’ – a sumptuous feast served on banana leaves. Boat races, traditional dance forms like Kathakali, and flower decorations are part of the celebrations.

Thrissur Pooram: Thrissur Pooram, one of the most famous temple festivals in Kerala, is known for its grand elephant procession, traditional music, and fireworks displays. The atmosphere is electric with drum beats and the majestic sight of caparisoned elephants.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu, a state with a deep-rooted cultural heritage, celebrates its festivals with devotion and artistry.

Pongal: Pongal, the harvest festival, is celebrated with traditional dishes like ‘Pongal’ and ‘Sarkarai Pongal.’ The festival is marked by rituals that express gratitude to the sun god for a bountiful harvest.

Navaratri: The state worships Goddess Durga during Navaratri. Homes are adorned with ‘Golu’ displays, and traditional music and dance performances are organized.

Karnataka

Karnataka, with its blend of modernity and tradition, celebrates festivals that showcase its diverse cultural heritage.

Dasara: Mysore’s grand Dasara procession is a visual spectacle with caparisoned elephants, traditional music, and royal regalia. The entire city comes alive with lights and decorations.

Ugadi: The Kannada New Year, Ugadi, is celebrated with enthusiasm. Families come together to prepare special dishes, and rangoli designs adorn the entrances of homes.

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Central India

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh, often referred to as the ‘Heart of India,’ has a rich cultural heritage and celebrates festivals with great fervor.

Khajuraho Dance Festival: A week-long celebration of classical dances against the backdrop of the Khajuraho temples is a cultural treat for enthusiasts. Renowned dancers from across the country perform against the backdrop of these exquisite temples.

Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh, with its tribal traditions and natural beauty, celebrates festivals that are unique to the state.

Bastar Dussehra: Bastar Dussehra in Chhattisgarh is celebrated uniquely. It involves tribal traditions, and the highlight is the grand procession of deities from various tribal villages to Jagdalpur, the district headquarters.

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Northeast India

Assam

Bihu: Assamese New Year is celebrated with traditional dance, feasting, and community gatherings. The three Bihus – Rongali, Kongali, and Bhogali – mark different phases of the agricultural calendar.

Manipur

Kang Chingba: The ‘Rath Yatra of Manipur’ is celebrated with grand processions and rituals.

Kang Chingba: Kang Chingba, also known as the ‘Rath Yatra of Manipur,’ is celebrated with grand processions and rituals. The deities are placed on beautifully decorated chariots and taken through the streets amidst singing and dancing.

West India Festivals State-Wise - Referce.com

Nagaland

Hornbill Festival: Celebrating the state’s tribal heritage, it’s a cultural extravaganza.

Hornbill Festival: The Hornbill Festival, named after the state bird, is a celebration of Nagaland’s tribal heritage. The festival features traditional music, dance performances, and exhibitions of tribal handicrafts and cuisine.

Union Territories

Delhi

Delhi, the capital city of India, is a melting pot of cultures and celebrates festivals with great enthusiasm.

Diwali: Diwali in Delhi is a grand affair with the entire city lit up with earthen lamps and decorative lights. The markets bustle with shoppers buying gifts and sweets, and people visit temples and exchange greetings.

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Puducherry

Puducherry, with its French colonial heritage, celebrates festivals that reflect its unique cultural blend.

French Heritage Festival: Puducherry celebrates its colonial legacy with the French Heritage Festival. The town comes alive with cultural events, art exhibitions, and performances that showcase its French connection.

Special Mention

All India Festivals

Apart from state-specific festivals, India also celebrates several festivals that are observed throughout the country, transcending regional boundaries.

Eid al-Adha: Eid al-Adha, also known as Bakra Eid, is celebrated across the country by Muslims. It marks the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God. Families gather to offer prayers and sacrifice animals, sharing the meat with those in need.

Eid-ul-Fitr: After a month of fasting during Ramadan, Muslims across India celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr. It is a time of joy, feasting, and communal prayers. Special dishes are prepared, and families come together to celebrate the festival.

Bhai Dooj: Bhai Dooj, also known as Bhai Phota in some regions, is a celebration of the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters apply a tilak on their brothers’ foreheads, perform aarti, and exchange gifts. It is a day to strengthen the sibling relationship.

Mawlid: Mawlid, the birth of the Prophet Muhammad, is celebrated with prayers and gatherings. Devotees recite hymns and exchange greetings to honor the life and teachings of the Prophet.

Conclusion

India’s festivals are a testament to its rich cultural heritage and diversity. Each state, with its unique traditions and rituals, adds to the tapestry of celebrations that make India truly incredible. Whether it’s the grandeur of Diwali in Jaipur, the devotion of Durga Puja in Kolkata, or the tribal traditions of Bastar Dussehra, every festival in India is a celebration of life, unity, and the human spirit. So, the next time you plan a trip to India, consider timing it with one of these spectacular festivals to witness the country at its vibrant best.

FIZANUL

Fizanul is a skilled Front End Developer and SEO Analyst who has been immersed in the world of Information Technology for seven years. He is a Digital marketer specializing in strategy & account management for enterprise brands. He loves taking on exciting projects and helping companies pioneer engaging consumer-centric experiences. As a Front End Developer, he has worked on a variety of projects, ranging from simple landing pages to complex web applications. He is proficient in a range of front-end technologies, including Vuejs, Reactjs, Javascript, jQuery, Html, and CSS.

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